Call for Papers

Accidents are challenges to the structures of modern societies in the twentieth century. They expose structural weaknesses and often give rise to new developments and legal and social innovations that aim at preventing accidents or diminishing their impact. The consequences of accidents are enormous: They often lead to a huge death toll and vast economic costs and they disturb economic and social processes.

Militärische Objekte wie Helme und Harnische, Schwerter und Schilde aus der Antike, dem Mittelalter und der Frühen Neuzeit bilden heute einen beträchtlichen Teil des europäischen Kunsthandwerks. Zudem sind sie, ebenfalls bereits seit dem Altertum, ein äußerst beliebter Gegenstand von Literatur und bildender Kunst.

Auch 20 Jahre nach der Diskussion um die Ausstellung "Vernichtungskrieg - Verbrechen der Wehrmacht 1941 bis 1944" und trotz zahlreicher wissenschaftlicher Veröffentlichungen und Tagungen bilden unkritische, populärwissenschaftliche Publikationen weiterhin ein bedeutendes Segment des Büchermarktes zur Wehrmacht, zur Waffen-SS und zum Zweiten Weltkrieg.

The politics of ethnic violence attained new dimensions during the First World War. Not only were crimes committed by foreign armies against the "enemy" population, but violence by organs of the state against sections of their own inhabitants also reached unprecedented dimensions and bequeathed to the post-war period the ideal of a purportedly homogenous nationalistic people. During the Balkan wars of 1912-13 it had already come to unilaterally forced as well as negotiated population shifts.

It is well known that First World War represented also a great laboratory, for psychology and psychiatry in particular. The topic of "war neurosis", the psychological trauma suffered by soldiers deployed at front-line, has already attracted considerable attention and has been explored in historiography. Still, in the occasion of the centenary of the conflict (2014-2018), it seems important to pay further attention to this subject, which offers many important areas which have not been yet fully discussed.

When wars end the communities, veterans, and governments that waged them begin the processes of peace. From the reconstruction of national identities to the resettlement of refugees, postwar periods are often as complex as the conflicts themselves.

It is one of the most common military clichés that "generals are always preparing to fight the last war." Constituting a quip at the expense of professional soldiers who have failed to predict the future accurately, the saying is not as old as one might think. It originates from the early 20th century. Before the Industrial Revolution of the 19th century, the pace of military reform had never been as rapid as to render the lessons of the previous war quite problematic. Developments in society, the state and technology present difficult challenges for modern armies to cope with.

Als "gewaltiger Transformator" veränderte der 1. Weltkrieg die europäischen Gesellschaften tiefgreifend und stellte die Weichen für eine Umgestaltung der weltpolitischen Ordnung. Viele historische Untersuchungen haben gezeigt, wie fundamental der Erste Weltkrieg für die Radikalisierung Deutschlands bis 1945 war. Bislang unbeleuchtet blieb hingegen das Spannungsverhältnis zwischen der "Grande Guerre" und dem "ersten sozialistischen Staat auf deutschem Boden". Bisher wurde die DDR vor allem als ein reines Produkt des Kalten Krieges, als "Stalins ungeliebtes Kind" (W. Loth) verstanden.

This international conference aims to examine the policies of the smaller European powers towards China - and vice versa - during the Cold War. Thereby it focuses, on the European side, on both Western and Eastern Europe - regardless of whether a country was part of the NATO or the Warsaw Pact. Meanwhile, on the Chinese side, the conference proposes to include both Chinas, namely the People's Republic of China (PRC) and the Republic of China (RoC).

Just decades after intense persecution and the struggle for recognition that marked the second half of the 19th century, Jewish leaders and ordinary Jews found themselves at an unprecedented social and political crossroads. The frenzied military, social, and cultural mobilisation of European societies from 1914 onwards, along with the outbreak of revolution in Russia and the collapse of the Ottoman Empire in the Middle East had a profound impact on Jewish communities worldwide.