From the invasion of Abyssinia to the end of World War II, Italy experienced a decade of war. This conference aims to re-evaluate the history of the Italian experience during this ten-year period with a unifying perspective that places the Italian Fascist regime and its foreign and military enterprises in an entirely internationalised framework of analysis. It will bring an international focus upon the Italian role in the break-down of the international system and appeasement, and will analyse the consequences of Italian militarism on a global scale.
1916 was a significant year in the Great War. In Europe it was the year of the Somme and Gallipoli. In Africa it was the year of Salaita and the British allied invasion into German East Africa, the loss of Cameroon to the Allies and the subsequent use of West African forces in East Africa. South African forces detoured via Egypt en route to the Somme and in Ethiopia Menelik was deposed.
Recent events in the Ukraine and the resurgence of Russia’s assertiveness towards the West have raised concerns regarding the security of the Baltic states. Historically, the region has been a battleground for many nations fighting to influence it, or a battlespace during wars among empires. The strong historical footprint has marked its influence on the overall fate of the three Baltic states and continues to affect the whole region which is located in a geo-strategically important part of Europe.
The Allied occupation of Western Germany after the Second World War has long constituted a classic component in academic histories of post-war Germany. Understood as an "interregnum" period, which initiated a process of democratisation and denazification and thus laid the ground for the "success story" of the Federal Republic in the subsequent decades, it has often been regarded as a crucial transitory period between the collapse of the Nazi state and the foundation of a democratic polity in Western Germany.
The commemoration of the battles of 1916 runs the risk of treating the latter as if they are self-evident and thus of reducing them to their purely military aspects, whereas the very use of the term "battle" is anything but self-evident.
Zehn Jahre nach Ende des Zweiten Weltkrieges begannen beide deutsche Staaten, neue Armeen aufzubauen. Während die politischen und militärischen Rahmenbedingungen dieses Prozesses weitgehend erforscht sind, wissen wir immer noch wenig darüber, welche Auswirkungen diese Entscheidungen beider deutscher Regierungen für die Menschen in jenen Orten hatten, die nun wieder zu "Standorten" wurden.
The idea that WWI has been a global conflict is commonly accepted by the scholarly community and it constitutes a real leitmotif of the most recent literature on this topic. As a consequence of this development, a number of scholars has started investigating the impact of WWI on Africa, Asia, the Middle East, and even Latin America.
The Ancient Greeks are reported to have believed that war is the "father of all things", yet among its many byproducts and impacts it entails above all destruction in almost every possible way. War is responsible for countless number of deaths throughout human history, but it is also responsible for traumatic experiences that to some may be considered worse than death itself.
Der Erste Weltkrieg stellt eine weitreichende Zäsur innerhalb der jüdischen Geschichte Zentraleuropas dar. Die verheerenden Kriegsereignisse zerstörten nicht nur die traditionellen Lebenswelten und Gesellschaftsstrukturen des osteuropäischen Judentums, sondern durch die Folgen des Krieges, die geopolitischen Veränderungen sowie durch eine Radikalisierung des Antisemitismus wurden eingeübte Identitätsnarrative der jüdischen Bevölkerung Zentraleuropas fundamental in Frage gestellt.